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Bruno Mathsson Jun 19

By Jessica Whittaker

Bruno Mathsson lived in Varnano, Sweden from 1907-1988. He may well be Sweden’s best known furniture designer.

Bruno Mathsson work has largely defined the Swedish modernism style that is so well known today. His pieces have been described as elegant, simple and innovative. He is famous for his forward thinking and pioneering techniques in both construction and design. Credited with introducing the process of bending laminate wood, he used that method extensively throughout his line of furniture to achieve pieces that are both beautiful and comfortable. Known to experiment with new materials and techniques, he worked with alternative resources such as hemp and linen to create woven webbings for chair seats. Ahead of his time in many respects, he is thought to be a leader in the field of ergonomics; his study of the ‘business of sitting’ was groundbreaking.

In his quest to combine beautiful form with function, late in his career he introduced the idea of a desk chair designed to support the human body while working on a computer. His desire was for his work to always be ‘pleasing to the eye, and restful to the body’. A perfectionist by nature, he was known to insist that his pieces pass inspection while turned upside down. Many of his designs exist in a number of variations as he continued to work to refine and improve them over time.

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Mathsson’s furniture was world renowned. Bruno Mathsson launched onto the international scene after a World Fair held in Paris, 1937. There, his pieces were widely acclaimed and large scale international demand quickly followed. Throughout his lifetime he traveled extensively, showing his work and becoming known all over the world.

Although Bruno Mathsson was a much celebrated furniture designer, his work as an architect was not as well known. As in his furniture design, his architectural thinking was progressive as well. He was environmentally concerned long before it was fashionable to be so. The houses he designed were among the very first to be energy aware and efficient. His attempts to always have his designs exist harmoniously with nature are evident in his architectural and furniture work. Much of his architecture is recognizable by his extensive use of glass walls minimizing the boundaries between structure and environment.

Bruno Mathsson was a self taught designer descended from four generations of master cabinet makers. He was trained by his father as a child, giving him an intimate knowledge of woodworking and a respect for hand craftsmanship. He would later use that knowledge to help redefine the manufacturing processes available to woodworkers.

Although always a progressive thinker looking for new innovations, he never lost his respect for handcraftsmanship. Much of his manufacturing and design took place in his fathers shop in Varnamo. To the end, he insisted on signing each of his pieces.

Drawing inspiration from classic 30’s and 40’s style, he worked to create furniture that was both beautiful and effortlessly comfortable. This inspiration combined with his progressive use of technique and materials created a body of work that has largely defined Swedish design.

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Nigerian sentenced to death for admitting to gay relations
Jun 19

Saturday, July 9, 2005Philip Alston, an official with the United Nations is decrying a Nigerian court decision to sentence a 50-year-old man to death by stoning after he admitted to having sex with another man. Reports have not named the individual.

The incident in question happened after the 50-year-old man was acquitted of charges that he had sexual relations with a much younger man. During further questioning, the judge asked the accused if he ever had sex with any other men.

Upon answering yes, the judge convicted the man of sodomy and sentenced him to death by stoning.

Nigeria, the most populous African country, is one of many countries that has started to adopt Sharia, or traditional Islamic law as detailed in the Koran. Since 2000, 12 of Nigeria’s northernmost states have adopted Sharia codes for their courtrooms. Under Islamic law, homosexual conduct is a crime punishable by death.

“Sodomy cannot be considered one of the most serious crimes for which, under international law, the death penalty can be prescribed. The punishment is wholly disproportionate,” Alston, U.N. Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, said in a written statement Friday.

Nigeria’s southern states are mostly Christian and do not follow Sharia law.

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Mandela discharged from hospital
Jun 18

Monday, September 2, 2013

Nelson Mandela has left hospital to return to his home in Johannesburg, in a critical condition, South African officials said on Sunday.

The 95-year-old anti-apartheid leader and former South African president has spent nearly three months in hospital for treatment of a recurring lung infection and has returned to his residence in Johannesburg where he will continue to recover.

A statement from the office of current South African president Jacob Zuma confirmed Mandela homecoming:

“His teams of doctors are convinced that he will receive the same level of intensive care at his Houghton home that he received in Pretoria.”

“His home has been reconfigured to allow him to receive intensive care there. The health care personal providing care at his home are the very same who provided care to him in hospital.”

Several ambulances and TV crews gathered outside Mandela’s home in the Houghton suburb of Johannesburg on Sunday, where well-wishers gathered to pray for his recovery.

Mandela’s last public appearance was at the 2010 football World Cup, held in South Africa.

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Honda Civic tops Canada’s list of most stolen cars
Jun 18

Wednesday, November 22, 2006

The 1999 and 2000 year model Honda Civic SiR tops the list of Canada’s most stolen cars.

Consumer popularity also assures the cars will be popular with thieves. Its the second year in a row the Honda SiR has topped the list.

Rick Dubin Vice President of Investigations for the Insurance Bureau of Canada said “The Civics are easy targets.”

Dubin said that once stolen, the cars are most often sold to “chop shops” where thieves completely dismantle the vehicles. The automobile’s individual parts are worth more than the entire car.

The sheer numbers of the cars and their lack of theft deterrent systems make them thieves’ preferred choices.

1999 and 2000 Honda Civics do not come with an electronic immobilizer, however all Hondas from 2001 and onward are equipped with an immobilizer. Immobilizers will be mandatory on all new cars sold beginning September 2007. The devices enable an engine computer to recognize an electronic code in the key. If the code in the key and the engine don’t match exactly, the vehicle can’t be started.

In third place was the 2004 Subaru Impreza, while the 1999 Acura Integra came in fourth, with the 1994 Honda Civic rounding out the top five.

In sixth place, the 1998 Acura Integra, and the 1993 Dodge Shadow completed seventh.

When asked why early model vehicles are selected, he said that, “auto thieves continue to find it easier to steal older vehicles lacking an IBC-approved immobilizer. We’ve seen this trend developing for several years, and these results confirm it.”

Another Honda automobile, the 1996 year model Civic filled eighth place, with the 2000 German Audi TT Quattro in ninth.

The American 1996 Chevrolet/GMC Blazer rounded out the top ten.

None of the above cars had an electronic immobilizer.

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Reasons For Doing Kitchen Remodels In Boulder Jun 18

Submitted by: Joe R. Maldonado

People who are thinking about kitchen remodels in Boulder will a lot of times put it off because of the fact that it really does seem like it is going to be an incredibly daunting task.

Think about this though- remodeling your kitchen is an ideal way to get a new kitchen without having to pick up and move to a new house altogether. And we all know what a pain it is to move! After spending so much time in the kitchen you already have, you have gotten to know it like the back of your hand. If you are like most people, you have probably spent years thinking about what you would do to that kitchen to improve either its efficiency or just the way it looks in general. You probably have a whole laundry list of ideas already just waiting to be brought to life. The greatest part about doing kitchen remodels in Boulder is that you get to watch all of these ideas become a reality, and your dream kitchen can finally be yours!

This is all in addition to the fact that the value of your home is going to increase significantly! Even though when you think about getting started it seems like it s going to be incredibly difficult, in the end you will look back and realize it wasn t as hard as you thought it was going to be. Besides, the benefits outweigh the hassles by far.

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When it comes to increasing the market value of your home, it is important to keep in mind that remodeling your kitchen shouldn t be the one way that you try to take up your home s value. With that being said, a nice kitchen is something that all potential buyers will be looking for. If you are planning to sell your home at any point in the future, you should know that having an out of date kitchen is going to turn people off from wanting to buy your house. However, if you have done some remodeling, this will be a remarkable draw.

Do not underestimate wonder of using brand new appliances! Just imagine cooking on a completely unused burner, or placing your grocery items into a sparkling brand new refrigerator! Having new appliances renews your love for your kitchen and you will find yourself wanting to cook and entertain friends again. Also, you may actually be surprised at what good deals there are on appliances these days.

Have you even considered the fact that you could make your kitchen bigger? If you get a remodeling contractor you could get a couple walls knocked out and completely change the area! Of course, if that is too much for you, the contractor could always reinvent the current space for you and show you new ways to utilize it. These guys are amazing and they come up with ideas that you would probably never dream up in your wildest kitchen fantasies!

Basically, doing kitchen remodels in Boulder is not the incredible headache you are probably imagining, and the whole process is actually quite enjoyable once you let yourself get into it.

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Wikinews interviews Joe Schriner, Independent U.S. presidential candidate
Jun 16

Saturday, April 17, 2010

Journalist, counselor, painter, and US 2012 Presidential candidate Joe Schriner of Cleveland, Ohio took some time to discuss his campaign with Wikinews in an interview.

Schriner previously ran for president in 2000, 2004, and 2008, but failed to gain much traction in the races. He announced his candidacy for the 2012 race immediately following the 2008 election. Schriner refers to himself as the “Average Joe” candidate, and advocates a pro-life and pro-environmentalist platform. He has been the subject of numerous newspaper articles, and has published public policy papers exploring solutions to American issues.

Wikinews reporter William Saturn? talks with Schriner and discusses his campaign.

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Wikinews interviews candidate for New York City mayor Vitaly Filipchenko
Jun 16

Wednesday, June 16, 2021

In early May, Wikinews extended an invitation to Vitaly Filipchenko, an independent candidate in the 2021 New York City mayoral election, set to take place November 2nd, alongside other candidates. Filipchenko answered some questions about his policies and campaign during a phone interview.

Filipchenko, registered on the New York City Campaign Finance Board as Vitaly A. Filipchenko, is the first Russian candidate for New York City mayor, being born in Tomsk, Siberia in 1973, according to news agency Sputnik. He has since naturalised as a United States citizen. According to the web site, Filipchenko has been educated in road construction and maintenance and owns a moving services company; he describes himself on his web site as a “small business owner”. On his web site’s platform page, he says that “[m]y English may not be perfect – but my platform is.”

Incumbent Democrat mayor Bill de Blasio, who won re-election in the 2017 New York City mayoral election by 66.5%, cannot run for a third term under term limits. As of April 28, 22 candidates are currently running, the majority of whom are also Democrats. Ahead of the June Democratic primary for New York City mayor, a poll conducted May 23 and 24 by WPIX and Emerson College of 12 Democratic candidates with a margin of error of 3.2 per cent has former commissioner for the New York City Department of Sanitation Kathryn Garcia and Borough President of Brooklyn Eric Adams leading with 21.1% and 20.1%, respectively.

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RuPaul speaks about society and the state of drag as performance art
Jun 16

Saturday, October 6, 2007

Few artists ever penetrate the subconscious level of American culture the way RuPaul Andre Charles did with the 1993 album Supermodel of the World. It was groundbreaking not only because in the midst of the Grunge phenomenon did Charles have a dance hit on MTV, but because he did it as RuPaul, formerly known as Starbooty, a supermodel drag queen with a message: love everyone. A duet with Elton John, an endorsement deal with MAC cosmetics, an eponymous talk show on VH-1 and roles in film propelled RuPaul into the new millennium.

In July, RuPaul’s movie Starrbooty began playing at film festivals and it is set to be released on DVD October 31st. Wikinews reporter David Shankbone recently spoke with RuPaul by telephone in Los Angeles, where she is to appear on stage for DIVAS Simply Singing!, a benefit for HIV-AIDS.

DS: How are you doing?

RP: Everything is great. I just settled into my new hotel room in downtown Los Angeles. I have never stayed downtown, so I wanted to try it out. L.A. is one of those traditional big cities where nobody goes downtown, but they are trying to change that.

DS: How do you like Los Angeles?

RP: I love L.A. I’m from San Diego, and I lived here for six years. It took me four years to fall in love with it and then those last two years I had fallen head over heels in love with it. Where are you from?

DS: Me? I’m from all over. I have lived in 17 cities, six states and three countries.

RP: Where were you when you were 15?

DS: Georgia, in a small town at the bottom of Fulton County called Palmetto.

RP: When I was in Georgia I went to South Fulton Technical School. The last high school I ever went to was…actually, I don’t remember the name of it.

DS: Do you miss Atlanta?

RP: I miss the Atlanta that I lived in. That Atlanta is long gone. It’s like a childhood friend who underwent head to toe plastic surgery and who I don’t recognize anymore. It’s not that I don’t like it; I do like it. It’s just not the Atlanta that I grew up with. It looks different because it went through that boomtown phase and so it has been transient. What made Georgia Georgia to me is gone. The last time I stayed in a hotel there my room was overlooking a construction site, and I realized the building that was torn down was a building that I had seen get built. And it had been torn down to build a new building. It was something you don’t expect to see in your lifetime.

DS: What did that signify to you?

RP: What it showed me is that the mentality in Atlanta is that much of their history means nothing. For so many years they did a good job preserving. Don’t get me wrong, I’m not a preservationist. It’s just an interesting observation.

DS: In 2004 when you released your third album, Red Hot, it received a good deal of play in the clubs and on dance radio, but very little press coverage. On your blog you discussed how you felt betrayed by the entertainment industry and, in particular, the gay press. What happened?

RP: Well, betrayed might be the wrong word. ‘Betrayed’ alludes to an idea that there was some kind of a promise made to me, and there never was. More so, I was disappointed. I don’t feel like it was a betrayal. Nobody promises anything in show business and you understand that from day one.
But, I don’t know what happened. It seemed I couldn’t get press on my album unless I was willing to play into the role that the mainstream press has assigned to gay people, which is as servants of straight ideals.

DS: Do you mean as court jesters?

RP: Not court jesters, because that also plays into that mentality. We as humans find it easy to categorize people so that we know how to feel comfortable with them; so that we don’t feel threatened. If someone falls outside of that categorization, we feel threatened and we search our psyche to put them into a category that we feel comfortable with. The mainstream media and the gay press find it hard to accept me as…just…

DS: Everything you are?

RP: Everything that I am.

DS: It seems like years ago, and my recollection might be fuzzy, but it seems like I read a mainstream media piece that talked about how you wanted to break out of the RuPaul ‘character’ and be seen as more than just RuPaul.

RP: Well, RuPaul is my real name and that’s who I am and who I have always been. There’s the product RuPaul that I have sold in business. Does the product feel like it’s been put into a box? Could you be more clear? It’s a hard question to answer.

DS: That you wanted to be seen as more than just RuPaul the drag queen, but also for the man and versatile artist that you are.

RP: That’s not on target. What other people think of me is not my business. What I do is what I do. How people see me doesn’t change what I decide to do. I don’t choose projects so people don’t see me as one thing or another. I choose projects that excite me. I think the problem is that people refuse to understand what drag is outside of their own belief system. A friend of mine recently did the Oprah show about transgendered youth. It was obvious that we, as a culture, have a hard time trying to understand the difference between a drag queen, transsexual, and a transgender, yet we find it very easy to know the difference between the American baseball league and the National baseball league, when they are both so similar. We’ll learn the difference to that. One of my hobbies is to research and go underneath ideas to discover why certain ones stay in place while others do not. Like Adam and Eve, which is a flimsy fairytale story, yet it is something that people believe; what, exactly, keeps it in place?

DS: What keeps people from knowing the difference between what is real and important, and what is not?

RP: Our belief systems. If you are a Christian then your belief system doesn’t allow for transgender or any of those things, and you then are going to have a vested interest in not understanding that. Why? Because if one peg in your belief system doesn’t work or doesn’t fit, the whole thing will crumble. So some people won’t understand the difference between a transvestite and transsexual. They will not understand that no matter how hard you force them to because it will mean deconstructing their whole belief system. If they understand Adam and Eve is a parable or fairytale, they then have to rethink their entire belief system.
As to me being seen as whatever, I was more likely commenting on the phenomenon of our culture. I am creative, and I am all of those things you mention, and doing one thing out there and people seeing it, it doesn’t matter if people know all that about me or not.

DS: Recently I interviewed Natasha Khan of the band Bat for Lashes, and she is considered by many to be one of the real up-and-coming artists in music today. Her band was up for the Mercury Prize in England. When I asked her where she drew inspiration from, she mentioned what really got her recently was the 1960’s and 70’s psychedelic drag queen performance art, such as seen in Jack Smith and the Destruction of Atlantis, The Cockettes and Paris Is Burning. What do you think when you hear an artist in her twenties looking to that era of drag performance art for inspiration?

RP: The first thing I think of when I hear that is that young kids are always looking for the ‘rock and roll’ answer to give. It’s very clever to give that answer. She’s asked that a lot: “Where do you get your inspiration?” And what she gave you is the best sound bite she could; it’s a really a good sound bite. I don’t know about Jack Smith and the Destruction of Atlantis, but I know about The Cockettes and Paris Is Burning. What I think about when I hear that is there are all these art school kids and when they get an understanding of how the press works, and how your sound bite will affect the interview, they go for the best.

DS: You think her answer was contrived?

RP: I think all answers are really contrived. Everything is contrived; the whole world is an illusion. Coming up and seeing kids dressed in Goth or hip hop clothes, when you go beneath all that, you have to ask: what is that really? You understand they are affected, pretentious. There’s nothing wrong with that, but it’s how we see things. I love Paris Is Burning.

DS: Has the Iraq War affected you at all?

RP: Absolutely. It’s not good, I don’t like it, and it makes me want to enjoy this moment a lot more and be very appreciative. Like when I’m on a hike in a canyon and it smells good and there aren’t bombs dropping.

DS: Do you think there is a lot of apathy in the culture?

RP: There’s apathy, and there’s a lot of anti-depressants and that probably lends a big contribution to the apathy. We have iPods and GPS systems and all these things to distract us.

DS: Do you ever work the current political culture into your art?

RP: No, I don’t. Every time I bat my eyelashes it’s a political statement. The drag I come from has always been a critique of our society, so the act is defiant in and of itself in a patriarchal society such as ours. It’s an act of treason.

DS: What do you think of young performance artists working in drag today?

RP: I don’t know of any. I don’t know of any. Because the gay culture is obsessed with everything straight and femininity has been under attack for so many years, there aren’t any up and coming drag artists. Gay culture isn’t paying attention to it, and straight people don’t either. There aren’t any drag clubs to go to in New York. I see more drag clubs in Los Angeles than in New York, which is so odd because L.A. has never been about club culture.

DS: Michael Musto told me something that was opposite of what you said. He said he felt that the younger gays, the ones who are up-and-coming, are over the body fascism and more willing to embrace their feminine sides.

RP: I think they are redefining what femininity is, but I still think there is a lot of negativity associated with true femininity. Do boys wear eyeliner and dress in skinny jeans now? Yes, they do. But it’s still a heavily patriarchal culture and you never see two men in Star magazine, or the Queer Eye guys at a premiere, the way you see Ellen and her girlfriend—where they are all, ‘Oh, look how cute’—without a negative connotation to it. There is a definite prejudice towards men who use femininity as part of their palette; their emotional palette, their physical palette. Is that changing? It’s changing in ways that don’t advance the cause of femininity. I’m not talking frilly-laced pink things or Hello Kitty stuff. I’m talking about goddess energy, intuition and feelings. That is still under attack, and it has gotten worse. That’s why you wouldn’t get someone covering the RuPaul album, or why they say people aren’t tuning into the Katie Couric show. Sure, they can say ‘Oh, RuPaul’s album sucks’ and ‘Katie Couric is awful’; but that’s not really true. It’s about what our culture finds important, and what’s important are things that support patriarchal power. The only feminine thing supported in this struggle is Pamela Anderson and Jessica Simpson, things that support our patriarchal culture.
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Starting A Carefree Business On A Small Budget Jun 15

Submitted by: Ianny Lau

Many aspiring entrepreneurs look to starting a business in their quests to get out of the rat race.

They used to associate businesses with shop fronts, offices, factories, staff and rental. These are just way too intimating for an individual, without even considering yet foot work and admin work necessary in the preparation.

And what about money? The perceived lack of it is a major stumbling block to starting up.

The good news is that things are changing.

Today s entrepreneurs have business options that allow them head start into sales and marketing activities, bypassing all of those headaches and costs previous generation businessmen had to contend with even before the real efforts began.

That s the power of the internet today.

And since we are looking for a richer and more rewarding life, I pen my ideas of some features that carefree businesses should have. We want to be careful not to get out of one rat race only to find ourselves in another.


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Selling over the internet is a very attractive solution to new entrepreneurs. If they don t want to, they can do away with setting up a company, and so too, an accountant and a secretary. Registrations to Ebay and are just a number of clicks away.

And while sourcing for serious products to sell, they can try ridding the attic of toys, clothes, wallets, magazines and gadgets. They can test water by posting wares on EBay and, allowing them to gauge demand, get online sales experience, explore marketing strategies and fine tune sales pitches. In the process, too, they learn what the demands and margins are for the different types of productc. Talk about killing many birds with one stone!

And very soon, with the first item sold on the net, the ball gets rolling. The item has to be delivered to the buyer as fulfillment of the transaction.

Ah, fulfillment. On a bigger scale, it includes inventory control, packaging and shipping. Logistics is costly, to say the least. It is expensive and complicated enough for an entire industry to spin out from.

This is not an exciting aspect of business. If you are marketing tangible products, I recommend that you negotiate drop-ship arrangements with the products suppliers.


Alternatively, you can consider downloadable or web-based products (music, ring tones, wall papers, e-learning, to name a few).

Note that the cost and effort in driving traffic to your website (that s where the referrals or sales are made) is not significantly different whether you earn $2 or $200 for commissions. For a start, however, $10-$50 is a good range to target at.

Choose branded products . Hey, celebrity endorsement works. Better still if the celebrities are part of the product. What do I mean? To cite examples, Mariah Carey is part of her music being sold. Or, when Robert Kiyosaki speaks in a seminar, he is part of the product. Such products sell by themselves. You focus on bringing in the traffic.

Pay structures vary from one affiliate program to another. Look for those that compensate you for sales generated up to 6 to 7 levels of downline, at least.


When shopping for an affiliate program, your checklist should include well established systems. They should have transparent reporting of your referrals, sales and/or genealogy of downlines. Some of them allow you control in placing downlines so you can strategize effort and revenue distribution for friends and relatives who come onboard.

As support to you, the content provider should make online and offline marketing materials available. These include training, video clips, audio recordings, brochures and name card templates.


In theory, with the internet, you have access to the entire world. But in reality, your product is exposed only to people who understand the language with which your pitch is delivered. It can be very beneficial to provide language options on your web site.

For e-learning products, the courses/ modules should come translated into major languages.


Many online subscription based products come with the marketing rights. When you pay to enjoy a particular product, guess what, that is your start up cost already!

Add domain name registration and web hosting services they hardly come close to $200.

Budget another $1000. You should have more than enough for the other tools you feel will come handy. But those come later.

Indeed, needing big capital to start a business is a thing of the past. The internet has changed the global business landscape. It may continue evolving, but internet marketing is here to stay. It is a good time to take that first small step.

About the Author: Ianny Lau is an engineer-turned-entrepreneur. He encourages and helps others start small in businesses. You can find one such opportunity at

. He maintains a blog at

where he shares his thoughts on current affairs and works of his hobby


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Report finds teen substance abuse is top public health problem in US
Jun 15

Thursday, June 30, 2011

A report issued Wednesday by the Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University finds the top public health problem in the United States is teen drug abuse, including the use of alcohol, tobacco, prescription drugs, marijuana and other controlled substances.

According to the study’s authors, “The study looks at how American culture increases the risk that teens will use addictive substances and how the messages sent by adults, and glamorized by the tobacco and alcohol industries and the media, normalize substance use and undermine the health and futures of our teens.”

Addiction is a disease that in most cases begins in adolescence … We rightfully worry about other teen health problems like obesity, depression or bullying, but we turn a blind eye to a more common and deadly epidemic that we can in fact prevent.

CASA found that 90% of adults who have addictive disorders started using substances before the age of 18. In comparison, only 4% of Americans who abuse as adults started using these drugs when 21 or older.

Further, the consumption of these substances by American teens is rising. Currently almost half of American high school students smoke, drink alcohol or use other drugs, according to the study, and 1 in 5 meet the medical criteria for addiction. Seventy-five percent of all high school students have used addictive substances including tobacco, alcohol, marijuana or cocaine at some point. Over 65% have used more than one.

The researchers found social factors related to the risk of American teens use of addictive substances included parental, community and school acceptance of these substances and the positive media portrayals of drug use as harmless, fun and attractive. Advertising of drugs, alcohol and cigarettes also contributes to the positive image of drug use.

The researchers used online surveys filled out by 1,000 high school students, 1,000 parents of high school students, 500 educators, as well as information from five focus groups and reviews of 2,000 scientific articles and reports, according to US News.

“Addiction is a disease that in most cases begins in adolescence, so preventing or delaying teens from using alcohol, tobacco or other drugs for as long as possible is crucial to their health and safety,” said Susan Foster, CASA’s vice president in a news release. “We rightfully worry about other teen health problems like obesity, depression or bullying, but we turn a blind eye to a more common and deadly epidemic that we can in fact prevent.”

The study’s authors pointed out that the teenage brain is not fully developed and the use of drugs during the teenage years hampers further development of the brain, impairs judgment and increases the risk of addiction as an adult. Heavy substance abuse harms the developing brain far more than the already developed adult brain. They concluded their data shows that adolescence is the critical age period for the onset of substance abuse and its repercussions.

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